Brno lies in the central part of Europe, in the Czech Republic of which it is the second largest city. It represents the centre of the province of Moravia, one of the key historic areas of the Czech Republic. Its population was atthe end of 2006 was approx. 370,000 inhabitants covering approximately 4% of the whole Czech population.
The city itself lies in the basin of the Svratka and Svitava rivers, somewhat to the north of their conflux at elevations ranging from 190 to 425 meters above sea level and covers an area of 230 km2. From east to west it spans about 22 km. The river Svratka cuts a 29 km path through the city and is the main supply for the Kninicky Dam Lake, a popular recreation area in the city's northwest corner. The Svitava River flows through the city for about 13 km.